Consensus game between gamefi players

Chain catcher 2022-04-05 11:54:44 阅读数:795

consensus game gamefi players


stay DeFi and GameFi Behind the financial attributes of , Participants assessed the average action consensus of other participants ( That is, the actions that most participants will take ) To adjust the game strategy and play .

Why not just make a decision , It's a dynamic game ?

Because players A Your decision will affect the player B Decision , And then affect players A My own decision . therefore , Players will experience the complexity of the game , Because of their decision ( Or sometimes an expected decision ) It will happen to all players at the same time . The development of the game will be multidimensional and happen in real time , Especially in markets with sufficient depth and liquidity .


It means participating in the game . After assessing the average consensus of all participants in the market , We must choose an action below the average consensus in order to win . If the participant's behavior is higher than the average consensus , Will fail .

This article discusses GameFi Its unique functions and inherent system attributes , It is used by many parties in the game system , To promote consensus . With GameFi Take various interest groups in , Including developers 、 Guild 、 Ordinary game player . In the game, some players can see the panorama of the whole market , They can act by anticipating what other players might do , Choose a more winning course of action to gain an advantage in the game .

In this paper , We will analyze the most typical GameFi game Axie Infinity and GameFi The most important guild in the field YGG. We hope that through our efforts , Take you to know more about GameFi The main function and internal logic of .


1.「 Guess the average 2/3」 game

  • 1.1 Two players guess “ Of the average 2/3” game :“ Strict advantage strategy ” The minimum number is “0”.

  • 1.2 Many people “ Guess the average ” game : After evaluating the average of the numbers selected by all players , The winner can offer a lower than average 1/3 To win .

2.DeFi+GameFi Consensus game

  • 2.1 DeFi: After assessing the average consensus of all participants on the project , The winner may win by acting below average consensus .

  • 2.2 GameFi:NFT Emotional value plus GameFi Game features , It makes it easy for various interest groups to manage the consensus of players in the market . And DeFi Using a single token system is different ,GameFi The value of is not only reflected in its token price . The complexity of player interaction patterns and consensus games are also growing .

3.Axie Infinity

  • 3.1 Axie The economic model of : Players agree that there are three types of assets , Consensus game focuses on maintaining SLP The price of .

  • 3.2 Axie Team and YGG:YGG Have more ability and motivation to manage player consensus , But it still needs Axie Introduce adjustment measures of economic model .

4. The consensus game will never stop

1. The average 2/3 game : Evaluate consensus and win with a weak dominance strategy

Richard · Taylor in the work of the Nobel Laureate in Economics 《 Misbehaving 》 An interesting game is proposed in : Guess the average 2/3.

Participants were asked to learn from 0 To 100 Select an integer from the . The number closest to the average of all selected numbers 2/3 Of the participants won the game . for example , Suppose there is 3 Participants guessed 20、30 and 40, The average is 30. So choose 20 The winner is the one who wins .

1.1 Two person “ The average 2/3” game

In this game , There are only two players , There is “ Strict advantage strategy ”( This means that no matter what number other players choose , Every player will have a best strategy to win the game ). choice 0 More than any other choice 0 Your number has a higher chance of winning .

for example , If the numbers provided by two players are 0 and 100, Then the average value is 2/3 It will be (0+100)/2*(2/3) = 33.3. Numbers 0 Closer to the 33.3, So players choose 0 win victory .


Reduced to the most essential form , A two person game is actually “ Who chooses the smaller number to win ” Scene . Due to the low degree of freedom of the game , Players only need to choose a smaller number than other players to win the game . therefore , For all players ,“ Strict advantage strategy ” It's choice 0.

1.2 Many people “ The average 2/3” game

When the game has more than two players , We will face more complicated situations , Because the existence of new players will force all players to rethink the behavior motivation of other players . The winning strategy starts with “ Strict advantage strategy ” Turn into “ Weak dominance strategy ”.


A rational gamer would reason like this :

  • In limine , I can make a reasonable assumption : Suppose the player chooses 0-100 Will follow a mean of 50 Is a normal distribution .50 Of 2/3 It will be 33.3. therefore , In order to win , I will choose 33 As my answer .

  • According to the previous reasoning , I can dig a little deeper : If some players have the same reasoning as me , They will provide numbers 33 As the answer , This means that the actual average will be slightly lower than 50. Of course , If every player makes the same reasoning as above , Then the actual average becomes 33. To win , I will 22 As my answer ( namely 33 *2/3 = 22).

  • After a process of elimination , The answer will gradually approach 0. Last , Integers 0 Is the final answer , The game reaches “ Nash equilibrium ”.

Multiplayer games are better than two person games , More freedom . Its basic mechanism is to predict the average number of all players . Simply choose the smallest number 0 Won't win the game .

and , For multiplayer games , The key is not that the game will eventually reach Nash equilibrium .

The focus is on how far the current system is from reaching Nash equilibrium , Considering all the players in the game . The answer depends on the degree of information asymmetry within the system and the speed of information transmission among all participants .


for example , Players in the first game follow the distribution diagram shown in the above figure : exceed 6% The player's choice 33, Less than 6% The player's choice 22, The winning number is 19. Imagine if these players play the game for the second time , The winning number will be closer to 0. When all participants realize 0 When it is the final answer to win , No player will be a loser . Here's the irony , The game will end at the same time , No winner .

therefore , For players who want to win , There are several points to consider :

  • How to evaluate the consensus of all players ;

  • How to win through actions below the overall consensus ;

  • How to interact with other players or influence the choices of the whole community .

As a classic game in the financial field ,“ Guess the average 2/3” The game paradigm of blockchain is reflected in the blockchain players' cognition of project information 、 In the game of token price expectation and future business operation . In subsequent chapters of this article , We will explain in detail the common users 、 Project side 、 Whale 、 Game guild and other players are DeFi and GameFi How do domains play consensus games .

02.DeFi & GameFi Consensus game in

In the first part , We discussed how two players guess the average 2/3 Of “ Strict advantage strategy ”. But the actual dynamic game takes place in a multi player game . Players need to evaluate the consensus of all players , That's the average number on the market , The final winner only needs to give a lower than everyone's consensus 1/3 The number of .DeFi The consensus game in is a similar form .

2.1 DeFi

DeFi Participants need to assess the impact on DeFi The overall consensus of the project and all information to be collected in the market . Consensus can be reflected by many factors , Include current trends in market average behavior or token prices .


When fusion DEX and AMM Of DeFi When the exchange form appears , Market liquidity has greatly improved . therefore , Market behavior can be directly reflected by the opinions of users , Token prices directly reflect the quantitative market consensus .


however , The token price does not fully represent the average consensus of all participants on the project .DeFi The concepts involved are more than “ Guess the average 2/3” The game is much more complicated .DeFi The project side can directly participate in the design of the game system , Continuously introduce new ideas in the operation cycle 、 value 、 Form of cooperation 、 financing , Including but not limited to :

  • Design a sustainable token economy model ;

  • Implement effective business operations ;

  • Community maintenance ;

  • Increase project value ;

  • Improve the prediction of the future value of the project ;

  • Grasp the macro market trend, etc .

DeFi The project team is good at taking advantage of unique DeFi Mechanism to improve players' evaluation and expectation of the project , Increase the average consensus of market participants , Eventually extend the project life cycle ( Delayed Nash equilibrium ).

2.2 GameFi


GameFi There are similar game mechanisms . But with DeFi The difference between our single token system is ,GameFi The following two key features have been added :

  • Introduce multiple Token System + Multiple capital pools +NFT market

  • NFT As an interest bearing asset , It also brings additional emotional value to players ( That is, non-financial products ). Besides ,NFT Its rarity classification and function introduce a new method of managing market consensus .

The ability to continuously inject value is GameFi The most significant advantage : Player vs GameFi The evaluation of the project is greatly influenced by emotional factors and inherent game value . Besides , Project valuation is not necessarily directly related to its token price .


Play with DeFi and GameFi When you play a game , Project side 、 Whales and institutions tend to have a clearer view than ordinary players 、 Higher quality channels and higher risk tolerance , This makes them more proactive and exploitable in the game . With abundant market information and funds that can affect market behavior , These players can quickly accumulate in-game assets , Affect the average expectations and consensus of all players , Finally decide your winning goal .

And for the average player , Due to lack of understanding of market information , It is often impossible to make the best decision . In terms of the outcome of the game , Careless decision-making is the norm , Most players cannot maximize their own interests . And sometimes , Ordinary players will also be forced to get involved in the vicious competition between the project party and the whale .

03.Axie Infinity

With Axie Infinity For example . When GameFi The project will NFT When giving value to interest bearing assets , The rise of game guild is inevitable . Guild 、 The tripartite consensus game between the project side and ordinary players becomes more complex . because Axie Infinity Dual token with its own characteristics and its NFT Economic model , The consensus goals of market participants are relatively scattered , This provides more operability for the project team and guild , Inject project value into the community .

3.1 Axie Economic model : Dual tokens +NFT

By building sustainable economic models and manageable consensus systems ,AXS Can continuously create project value , help Axie NFT Expand SLP Use scenarios . Final , The market consensus will mainly focus on SLP On the price of .

Axie Infinity Assets fall into three categories

  • AXS: Total eco governance tokens 2.7 Million pieces ,2026 year AXS Tokens, 100% circulation .

  • SLP:Axie Infinity Consumer tokens required for game activities . It has no ceiling on Supply , It is also the main source of income for players . Players can perform daily tasks through characters 、 fighting 、PVE- Adventure mode 、PVP- Arena mode 、 Daily rewards, etc SLP.

  • Axie NFT: The main method of game content . stay Axie Infinity Inside , It is a method that can produce SLP Interest bearing assets , Also burn AXS and SLP A way of token .

As a card game ,Axie Infinity The game requires players to pass PVP/PVE Battle mode combination of three Axie NFT Form a team to get SLP.SLP Can be used for NFT Upgrade and reproduce . Redundant SLP It can be sold in the secondary market , It is the source of income for most players in the secondary market .

stay Axie Infinity In the economic model ,AXS and Axie NFT Than unlimited supply SLP More valuable ( In the long run ).

  • AXS: a large number of AXS from Axie Team control .

  • Axie NFT:YYG Hold a lot of NFT.NFT Similar to means of production .YGG take Axie NFT Let to use NFT Ordinary gold players . In return ,YGG Will draw a certain proportion of the tokens obtained .


stay AXS and SLP The output of fails to meet the demand before consumption , The price of both tokens will keep rising . actually , Players burn AXS and SLP To generate Axie NFT, Then use it to generate SLP. However ,SLP There are not many ways to reduce inflation , Lead to SLP Bear all the selling pressure of all three assets .

Whereas SLP High inflation economic model ,SLP Will inevitably continue to decline . When the number of new players starts to decrease , Yes Axie NFT There will also be less demand for . If there are no more ways to consume ,SLP Prices will fall , This will further reduce NFT The productivity of .Axie NFT The growth rate of will become 0.

Even though SLP The price in 2021 year DeFi It continues to rise in summer , But it only lasted 4 Months . stay 7 After the peak of the month ,SLP Never back to the peak .


in fact ,SLP The decline in prices is an inevitable trend . But as mentioned before , Nash equilibrium is not the most important issue for us . As a direct participant in the market , We are more concerned about the following issues :

  • How to evaluate the consensus of all players .

  • How to take actions below the average consensus to win ;

  • How to influence the project consensus of other players and even the whole community .

Because of the limited space of this article , For the time being, we will only discuss YGG. We will discuss other related topics in subsequent articles .

3.2 Axie Team and YGG

Axie Infinity Critical fire ,YGG The role of can not be ignored .YGG Responsible for running the community , Introduce and educate new players , Cultivate player needs , mining NFT The potential of the game . When YGG Hold a large amount of Axie NFT and SLP when , The main responsibility of operating user consensus is from Axie The team moved to YGG Guild .


From a risk management perspective ,Axie The team holds a lot of AXS Tokens, . And SLP Compared with tokens ,AXS Its economic model and distribution make it unlikely that its prices will fall sharply . That being the case , In order to extend the life cycle of the project ,Axie The team doesn't want SLP falling . However , about YGG Come on , This demand is more urgent , Because it has even more Axie NFT and SLP Tokens, .

From the perspective of consensus management , maintain SLP The price is also YGG One of the important tasks in community governance .YGG The members are mainly low-income people in Southeast Asian countries . The close interpersonal relationship in Asian cultural circles makes it possible to optimize consensus management . Through the offline development and governance of the community , The guild can effectively manage the expectations of gold users , Gradually change the gold users from SLP The producer turns into the ultimate NFT Users and recipients of .

YGG Hold high-quality products in the market NFT.Axie NFT Not just an interest bearing asset , It also represents its game experience .YGG By controlling NFT The market has improved the average consensus of players to a certain extent , And for Axie NFT and SLP Tokens provide additional usage scenarios .

But as the project moves towards deadlock ,YGG Yes SLP The control of is gradually weakened . Until recently ,Axie Team released SLP The adjustment is as follows :

  • adjustment Axie NFT Breeding formula :SLP Cost increase 3 times ,AXS Cost reduction 50%.

  • Eliminate player ranking in daily missions 800 After the name SLP Reward .

  • Eliminate... From adventure mode SLP Reward ; Reduce PvP Mode of SLP Reward ;MMR The higher the ,SLP The higher the reward .

  • Add more SLP Use scenarios .

  • Gradually reduce or even cancel daily tasks and PvE In the pattern SLP Reward .

Although the above method increases SLP The amount destroyed , Reduced market circulation , Lead to SLP Rise in price .

however , Reduce SLG The output to raise its token price won't last long , And it will backfire . Ordinary players know ,Axie The team also knows ,YGG I know . When the demand and price of contemporary currency can only rise by reducing production , The average consensus of players on the project will decline .

We know , A fall will only lead to more falls , It's like players know they're in “ Guess the average 2/3” In the game , Must be below market consensus 1/3 When you find a way back .

04. The consensus game will never stop

With Richard · In Taylor's words , Participants give numbers when information is asymmetric and the speed of information transmission is limited , The final winning condition depends on the participants' access to information and their judgment based on the obtained information .

With each round of elimination , Information will spread further in the system . Until the last , When all participants “ know everything ”, When all participants are aware of integers “0” When it's the final answer , Game over . Until the new game starts again , New players come in .

about Axie Development teams and other more complex actors in the community , When they play with ordinary participants , Better understanding and estimation of the direction and final results of the project . meanwhile , They have a panoramic view of the consensus of all participants , Optimized consensus management . They can continue to bring in external funds , Create new ways to play , Turn speculators into value investors , And find new applications for tokens and in-game assets .

Besides ,Axie Infinity Are actively exploring new identities .Ronin The launch of the side chain and its native infrastructure , And the development of several new projects , The Sky Mavis(Axie Infinity Parent company ) From application developers to infrastructure providers . in other words , At present “ game ” Players can seamlessly participate in the next round of the new consensus game .

Every consensus game , There will always be an end , But at the same time , New consensus games will continue to emerge .

Everything could end , But the lessons learned during the journey are valuable . Whether it's DeFi still GameFi, In the process of development, short-lived projects will inevitably appear .

But the consensus game always exists . As a player in the game , We will stick to it , Hope for a new round of Dapp Can break through .

Please continue to follow our follow-up report .GameFi Projects will become more and more complex and diverse , But we are committed to simple 、 Describe game behavior in a quantifiable way .

Translator's notes :

There is a classic case in game theory 「 Prisoner's dilemma 」, It's also DeFi2.0 Concept Olympus (3,3) The origin of the theory . The prisoner's dilemma probably tells such a case , A and B were arrested together , They were taken to the interrogation room for interrogation . Party A and Party B are informed that :① If you both plead guilty , Both were sentenced to 3 year ;② One pleads guilty and the other denies , Guilty plea sentence 1 year , Denial of judgment 10 year ;③ Neither of them admitted that they would be acquitted .


At this time, a will analyze : If I plead guilty , My result is 1 Year or 3 year . If I don't recognize , The result is acquittal or 10 year . From the results , A has a high probability of pleading guilty . alike , B will do the same , So the probability is that both Party A and Party B choose to plead guilty . Although the result of not pleading guilty is the best for the community , But while preserving their own interests , Confession is the best choice for yourself .

So in this market , The game of interests between individuals , The best result of an individual does not mean the best result of the whole , Sometimes even conflicting , We can look at other people's words and deeds through this kind of thinking , To choose your course of action .

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