“头号大厂铁粉”微软宣布关闭区块链服务

InfoQ 2021-05-15 01:21:42 阅读数:891

本文一共[544]字,预计阅读时长:1分钟~
大厂 微软 宣布 头号 铁粉
{"type":"doc","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"blockquote","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"从 “All In” 到放弃,微软这是又走错了一步?"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在推出 6 年之后,微软宣布即将终止其 Azure 区块链服务。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"微软前天宣布将于 2021 年 9 月 10 日关闭其 Azure 区块链服务。在正式关闭之前仍将支持现有的部署。但是从今年 5 月 10 日起,将不再支持任何新的部署或成员创建。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.geekbang.org\/wechat\/images\/69\/697e262a6ae98adc576a2037168c7cab.png","alt":null,"title":null,"style":null,"href":null,"fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"微软在 5 月 10 日发布的支持文档中表示:"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"blockquote","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"2021 年 9 月 10 日,Azure 区块链将退休。请评估你的生产或开发状态,将分类帐数据从 Azure 区块链服务迁移到其他产品。"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"微软在该文档并未解释做此决定的原因,但是提供了下一步的建议:"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"blockquote","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"计划迁移的第一步是评估替代产品。请根据你生产或开发状态,评估以下替代方案。"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"那么这意味着用户还应该在剩下的四个月当中调查一遍市场中的其它替代产品吗?好在微软这次直接推荐了 ConsenSys 的 Quorum Blockchain Service 第三方服务,因为它跟 Azure 的 Blockchain 一样,使用的也是 GoQuorum Ledger 技术。ConsenSys 网站表示,Quorum Blockchain Service (QBS) 服务是一个完全托管的区块链服务,将为微软客户提供无缝的迁移体验。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"总之,虽然微软尚未解释其区块链服务关闭的原因,但我们判断很可能是因为缺乏客户,同时微软也不想继续维护旧基础架构。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"全球第一家布局区块链的“大厂”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"过去 30 年,微软建立了商业软件模式的统一标准,成为 IT 巨头之一。自错过了互联网和移动互联网的红利期,微软一直发展得中规中矩。但对于前几年的区块链浪潮,微软的反应却是很少见的快速。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"早在 2014 年,微软就成为第一家真正布局区块链的国际 IT 巨头。2014 年 12 月,微软首次为在线商店添加了比特币支付选项,走出了切入虚拟金融业的第一步。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"2015 年 11 月,微软推出并启动了 Azure 区块链即服务(BaaS),将区块链技术引入 Azure,为使用 Azure 云服务的客户提供 BaaS 服务,让他们可以迅速创建私有、公有或混合的区块链环境,解决了早期的跨行业区块链使用者的大量常见问题。Azure 因此吸收了众多区块链参与者,从知名企业到规模较小的创业公司,其认知度日益扩大。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"微软将自己定位于做好整个区块链的生态系统,提供区块链生长的环境,建立平台并推出多种多样的解决方案。2017 年初,微软发布区块链合作伙伴战略;2 月,与全球各行业代表性企业一同加入企业以太坊联盟,并对以太坊区块链技术进行了大量的投资;10 月,推出“Azure 政府机密”(Azure Government Secret)服务…"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"对于区块链的支持力度,微软 CTO Kevin Scott 在 2018 年接受采访时表示:“微软决定 All In 区块链。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"微软当时的金融服务科技战略主管的 Marley Gray 认为:“任何行业的表面下都有应该被大幅调整的闲置业务流程,区块链数据服务是极大的机遇,我们可以从中拿到很多跨领域的历史数据,并用机器学习去分析它。”为此,“我们差不多赌上了整个云服务”。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"虽然最近几年微软 Azure 区块链服务并没有什么大更新,但之前微软在 Azure 区块链服务的产品页面上将通用电气(GE)、摩根大通、新加坡航空、星巴克和 Xbox 列为了客户。在微软的带动下,谷歌、IBM、脸书都曾将区块链作为重大企业战略。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"IBM 也放弃了区块链?"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"蓝色巨人 IBM 在区块链上投入的力量也相当大。2015 年 12 月,IBM 与其他 29 名成员共同创立 Hyperledger 开源项目,致力于将区块链的解决方案应用于各个行业。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"2016 年 2 月,IBM 推出区块链服务平台 BaaS,使用 IBM 在 Bluemix 上的区块链服务,开发人员就可以访问完全集成的开发运维工具,从而在 IBM 云上创建、部署、运行和监控区块链应用程序。在 Hyperledger 联盟中,IBM 主导孵化的 Fabirc 子项目,首先满足了各商业应用场景需求的智能合约运行。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在过去这几年,IBM 大力推行 Fabric 项目,拥有了几个比较知名的服务场景:沃尔玛支持的从农场到超市的跟踪系统 FoodTrust,马士基(Maersk)支持的海运集装箱物流区块链 TradeLens。此外,IBM 还添加了“信任你的供应商”(Trust Your Supplier)网络,之前还通过 World Wire 试水支付领域。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"但在今年 2 月,有媒体爆出消息表明,IBM 区块链团队已经被砍到没剩几个人,一名知情人士说:“IBM 不会再有真正的区块链团队了。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"据其中一名知情人士声称,由于 IBM 一度盛赞的区块链技术在疫情下的这一年中只实现了收入指标的 10%,因此 IBM 对区块链部门进行大规模重组,导致大多数区块链人员离职。知情人士对媒体透露说,只去年一年就撤减了 100 多位区块链相关的岗位。同时 IBM 的区块链负责人 Jerry Cuomo 已被调走,现负责 AI 业务部门,在 2016 年他还是区块链技术的宣传官。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"另一名知情人士也表示,IBM 的区块链部门已连续两年远远未能实现收入指标。他们补充说,IBM 对企业区块链期望过高,并且“虽然 IBM 一直宣布不断,但没有真正执行到位。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"IBM 发言人极力否认这些消息,IBM 的公关总监 Holli Haswell 表示:“IBM 的区块链业务状况良好,谢谢关注。我们已调整了一些领导人和业务部门,继续推动增长,我们每年都这么做。”“未来依然会将区块链视为我们云业务的推动力。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在过去几年的区块链炒作热潮里,很少有企业能保持冷静,以微软、IBM 等 IT 巨头为首的众多企业先后投入了巨大的人力物力。在微软宣布关闭 Azure 区块链服务之后,我们兴许能有机会再度关注区块链本身,探讨技术是否足够健全,哪些场景能真实落地并取得收益。你如何看待区块链技术,欢迎在评论区留言!"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"延伸阅读:"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/github.com\/azure-deprecation\/dashboard\/issues\/158","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"https:\/\/github.com\/azure-deprecation\/dashboard\/issues\/158"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.coindesk.com\/ibm-blockchain-revenue-misses-job-cuts-sources","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"https:\/\/www.coindesk.com\/ibm-blockchain-revenue-misses-job-cuts-sources"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}}]}
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