stay COVID-19 During the pandemic , The global food supply chain has proved fragile , This has led to calls for improving the production of nutritious food , Distribution and consumption efficiency to improve the resilience of the global food supply chain . To producers like blockchain , How technology for publishers and consumers to provide data becomes part of the solution ？
Big data applications may offer opportunities to address farm to table inefficiencies and improve global food security .
Blockchain is a linked distributed database , Can store auditable data throughout the supply chain , It could change the way food producers around the world play .
The food and Agriculture Organization reviewed the challenges and opportunities of the Agrofood system .
With a global food system like seafood , Among them 40％ Trade on a global scale , Achieving data transparency and traceability through technologies such as blockchain is crucial for decision-making with social and environmental awareness and for promoting trust among stakeholders .
To collect information
Blockchain technology can be used to integrate information about seed quality , Track how crops grow and record the journey out of the farm . for example , In Canada , Online blockchain Market Grain Discovery It's an example of people in the food system using their data to grow and sell globally competitive crops .
Data can provide a constant record from production to consumption , So as to improve the transparency of the supply chain . Such data is likely to promote the information transmission of the whole supply chain . and , If blockchain is implemented through appropriate verification , It can prevent illegal and unethical production and distribution that undermine sustainability and community food security .
for example , Wal-Mart , Tsinghua University and IBM The chain based food traceability platform helps track pork and mango in China and the United States, respectively , Eason foreign exchange www.yixin-forex.com Positive results have been achieved in building trust and transparency in the supply chain .
This transparency also means that consumers can make informed decisions , To protect vulnerable producers and the environment . Access to product data enables consumers to reward producers who adopt good practices , For example, among the groups with the weakest food security, small-scale rural farmers and fishermen .
At present , There is little evidence to support this claim , That is, blockchain and big data technology are promoting global food security . Although it is expected that 2050 The annual average farm will produce 410 10000 data points , higher than 2014 Year of 190,000 Data points , But the growth in global food security is not impressive .
Part of the challenge is how to implement blockchain so far . The control of blockchain and big data platform by enterprises may even damage food safety .
for example ,IBM And Wal Mart have teamed up to track farm produce from farm to table . Producers and processors in the supply chain need to input information into IBM In our blockchain , To make the process completely transparent to consumers .
however , People are right. IBM Skeptical about the definition of blockchain , Because private blockchains can be tampered with more easily and with lower security . This is because the security of private blockchain is still highly dependent on the permissions and controls set by private organizations .
The centralized information database owned by enterprises does not conform to the traditional definition of blockchain based on democracy and trust .
Traditional blockchains are decentralized and democratic , To ensure trust between users . The company's control of supply chain information may also make it lack of the required scale , Small farmers with scale and technical knowledge are excluded . This division between big and small food producers could lead to global food insecurity , Many researchers believe that , Farms, big or small , To feed the world's growing population .
Data and Grain Futures
Before blockchain and other data technologies can help solve food safety , Many challenges need to be addressed .
The implementation of blockchain must be decentralized , Including small farmers and rural population . This will make sustainable and equitable food systems possible , And enable consumers to make informed decisions .
however , As blockchain brings additional responsibility to end users , Challenges such as the limited digital literacy and infrastructure constraints of the world's poor could undermine true decentralization .
Besides , They must be integrated into broader food security promotion strategies , To make them sensitive to social and environmental values , This is crucial to addressing food insecurity among different groups .
Leveraging the untapped potential of big data through transparent and decentralized food distribution systems can support sustainable food production and provide accountability for food production .
This is essential for effective food systems and food security in the future . however , It's important to deploy these innovations fairly , So that all stakeholders in the value chain can benefit from it .