The first "vaccine passport" application launched in the United States: invested 2.5 million US dollars to develop and use blockchain to protect privacy

InfoQ 2021-04-01 18:02:49 阅读数:967

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vaccine passport application launched united
{"type":"doc","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" As the global coverage of new crown vaccine continues to expand , At the same time, realize the safe flow of cross-border personnel , Restart the international economy , Many countries plan to introduce “ New passport ”.“ Vaccine passport ” It's not a real passport , It's a certificate that records information about the new crown vaccination , To prove the vaccination of cross-border travelers ."}]},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":4},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"“ Vaccine passport ” Application competition "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" From last Friday , New Yorkers have been able to pass the first American “ Vaccine passport ” Applications “Excelsior Pass” To prove that you're vaccinated COVID-19 The vaccine or nucleic acid test is negative . The program will first be used in large venues such as Madison Square Garden , And from next week, it will gradually cover dozens of activities in New York state 、 Art and entertainment venues . With the help of this app , People will be able to expand the scale of weddings or banquets ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" The governor of New York Andrew Cuomo Express , I hope to take this opportunity to promote the recovery of the industries most affected by the epidemic as soon as possible ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":"Excelsior Pass System consists of IBM The blockchain technology provided by the digital health examination platform serves as the underlying foundation , This guarantee includes IBM Private medical information is not accessible to any non essential parties including ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" Users just need to download Excelsior Pass application , Enter your name 、 Date of birth and zip code , Then answer a series of personal questions , You can confirm your real identity . Epidemic prevention data is provided by the state vaccine registry , And associate the results with the pre approved test data . When users go to places of entertainment , Just scan the two-dimensional code to get the green check mark representing health 、 With the Red Cross representing health risks ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" The development of this app is funded by the state government , It will be provided free of charge to businesses and people in New York state who have vaccination records or nucleic acid test results ."}]},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.geekbang.org\/infoq\/ac\/acea6ba50b321db3f371af9dda22956f.png","alt":null,"title":null,"style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":null,"fromPaste":true,"pastePass":true}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" Once deeply cultivated in this industry for many years IBM Vice president of emerging business networks Eric Piscini Express ,IBM We intend to use the same technology platform to release more health data in the future ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":"Piscini Explanation , The ultimate goal is for everyone on earth to be able to collect information on their mobile phones , And make it public to the right people with explicit consent . Users don't have to worry about privacy , All the data will be in the hands of healthcare providers ,IBM Or any other partner ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" Long term research on this technology Behlendorf It also mentions , Such a system would guarantee data “ Always patient-centered , Instead of focusing on healthcare providers or insurance companies .”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" And the first large-scale test of this kind of system , It's currently being launched in New York . It is reported that , The state of New York Excelsior Pass The development cost of the system is 250 Thousands of dollars , The results will be provided to all enterprises and individuals free of charge ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" The initial test shows that , The system really works , All kinds of groups can easily use . Users without smart phones can still show a copy of their health code directly . People can store multiple copies on one phone Excelsior pass , For example, parents take care of health information for their children ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" Companies don't have to force this app , But you can get extra benefits after using it —— Including expanding the scale of activities 、 More people are allowed in ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" in addition , The app doesn't need to be connected all the way , Greatly improves its usable range .Excelsior Pass Currently facing Android And iOS The system is fully open , Enterprises can use Android And iOS Scan validation version of the application ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" A number of New York state officials involved in the program said , Over time , They will continue to improve Excelsior Pass System , To provide strong support for the state's economy and public health ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" except IBM outside , Wal Mart and other retail companies are also developing similar systems , Including digital proof for people who have been vaccinated . Besides , Many open source computer experts are also working on developing free solutions ."}]},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":4},"content":[{"type":"text","text":" do “ Vaccine passport ” Is application difficult ?"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" For such applications , The biggest challenge is how to connect different systems , Make sure that people are able to 、 You can prove your health by using one app under different needs ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" Regarding this , Proponents of open source projects have collaborated ,“ Step by step, check and solve each part of the problem ”. As an industry driven open source software development organization ,Linux Executive director of the foundation for public health Brian Behlendorf mention ,“ Technical people are equivalent to building their own ‘ The United Nations ’, Bring all parties together .”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" at present , New York State hasn't released detailed details about the connectivity system , But the project hopes to combine paper proof with Excelsior Pass Connect , In this way, users can show their health code and tickets at one time , Get rid of the trouble of using multiple apps ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" Another big obstacle to application is how to establish a set of unified standards , People who have completed nucleic acid testing or vaccination in a state or country , It's also recognized in other states and countries ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" at present , In terms of International Travel , There are at least two competing sets of vaccination safety information standards around the world ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" The state of New York uses its own solution, established by the State Department of health , But other states in the United States have established their own certification systems , How to coordinate is still unknown . Dean of Ohio State University 、 Historian and ethicist Amy Fairchild Express , The biggest challenge for such certification is culture 、 Not technology ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":"Fairchild explains ,“ Whether it's IBM still Abbott Can develop practical applications , But the question is what their results will look like ? Are people really willing to use ?”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" International travel is, of course, the most important application scenario of the epidemic prevention pass . Many countries, including the United States \/ region , They refuse to be able to prove that they are not infected COVID-19 The entry of people into the country . But she said , Whether American consumers and enterprises are willing to accept this kind of technology attempt of self certification before entering the country . in addition , Many americans refused to wear masks during the epidemic , It's hard to imagine that they're willing to use health codes to prove that they're qualified to watch baseball games or bungee jumping ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" stay Fairchild It seems , Vaccination work “ For a long time, it has been confined to the school and hospital system in the United States , It rarely covers the entire population .” But there's no doubt about the importance of vaccination itself , If it can be recognized by the public , In the future, this app can also cover a wider range of fields such as influenza and measles vaccines ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":"“ New public health applications are expected to help us build , It's really worth looking forward to .”Fairchild mention , There are all kinds of cultural resistance and resistance , Previous efforts have failed .“ Except for the children , The American people are ideologically very resistant to this mandatory directive .”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" That's why , Developers decided to use blockchain technology to protect personal privacy ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" in addition , The White House also made a special statement , Emphasize that such health certification procedures must comply with freedom 、 fair 、 The principles of security and privacy ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" also , How to prevent forgery is also crucial . according to Domaintools Senior security researcher Chad Anderson Find out , at present ,OfferUp The fake CDC vaccine ID card has appeared on the website , Some of the cards cost as much as 200 dollar ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" Other possible methods of vaccination certification include marking your driver's license .Appointment Scheduling & Booking Chairman of Industry Association and CEO Cimarron Buser Express , Driver's license is the only universal ID that we can actually use at present . State immunization registries need to send information to the state vehicle administration , And issue a new driver's license . Although the process is not simple , But at least you don't have to show your own documents ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" There are also many enterprises trying to build their own certification system .Buser mention , All parties hope to have a say in the construction of the system ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" Standardization is a more difficult problem to solve . Since last year 9 Since the month , Microsoft 、Mayo Clinic、 Oracle 、 Wal-Mart 、CVS as well as Salesforce And other well-known enterprises and many relatively low-key non-profit organizations have been working together , Make sure that people have safe and free access to health information . The good news is , All parties have at least reached unity in terms of development goals , That is to make a set of rules for enterprises or non-profit organizations to use to create digital vaccine passport ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" But who sets these standards ?Fairchild Express , Without federal intervention , I'm afraid this problem is difficult to solve ."}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":" Link to the original text :"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"https:\/\/www.usatoday.com\/story\/news\/health\/2021\/03\/26\/covid-vaccine-passports-new-york-first-vaccination-proof-system\/6976009002\/?scrolla=5eb6d68b7fedc32c19ef33b4"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"color","attrs":{"color":"#494949","name":"user"}}],"text":" "}]}]}
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