AI, IOT, blockchain, autonomous system and next generation computing lead the future development of supply chain

ybhuangfugui 2021-03-01 16:14:55 阅读数:422

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source | InfoQ

author |  Wang Liying

Jingdong launched 《 Technology restructures the social supply chain - White paper on future technology trends 》, We are committed to Jingdong's pragmatic focus on business focus and pragmatism , Jingdong's insight into cutting-edge technology is closely around the main camp of Jingdong group's supply chain business , With the help of digital technology , How to achieve digital social supply chain “5 individual DEEP” Attribute to realize the intelligent transformation of industrial number . Study and judge the next ten years , Push 5D Five key technologies of attribute implementation , And in the new ecosystem of supply chain , Jingdong's pragmatic actions in the five landing scenes . Learn about new trends in technology through this article , Future business innovation patterns , Let you take a step faster in the homogeneous competition .

Maintaining the stability of global industrial chain and supply chain is an important direction of future economic development , From last year 5 It was put forward by the state in May “ Domestic and international double circulation ” strategic , To gradually improve “ The formation of a large domestic cycle as the main body 、 The new development pattern of mutual promotion of domestic and international double circulation ”, This is inseparable from the enabling technology , The era of digital change has come .

In the past decades of Internet development , The digital process is mainly focused on the consumer Internet , But the future , With policy orientation and technological innovation , The intellectualization of industrial numbers will become the core driving force of economic growth . The collaborative resonance of industrial Internet and consumer Internet will become the main theme of the development in the next decade . For China , Domestic circulation is the focus of future social and economic development , Looking at development in the direction of supply and demand , Therefore, the construction of supply chain system is of great significance .

The supply chain we are talking about today has already crossed the boundary of a single enterprise , It's putting the production end 、 Circulation end 、 Get through to the consumer side , Form industry digitization . When it comes to Jingdong supply chain , Many people's impression of it is still at the level of logistics , But actually , Jingdong's supply chain has been extended to many industries , The goal is to intellectualize the number of industries . In this white paper , We will also see Jingdong in retail 、 health 、 logistics 、 Finance 、 Technology landing in urban scenes .

stay 2020 year JDD At the conference , Jingdong first proposed “ Social supply chain with digital intelligence ” This new supply chain concept , This time, the technical committee of Jingdong group launched 《 Technology restructures the social supply chain - White paper on future technology trends 》 Based on this new concept of supply chain, this paper looks forward from the perspective of technology 、 Industrial Development 、 Business landing, etc . This article will interpret this white paper from three aspects , Look at cutting edge technology together .


Take a look 5D attribute : Jingdong puts forward the idea of digital social supply chain “5 individual DEEP”

Digital social supply chain refers to the use of digital technology to connect and optimize social production 、 circulation 、 All aspects of the service , Reducing social costs , Improve social efficiency . We can also see from the concept interpretation that the essence of the new supply chain proposed by Jingdong is to realize the connection between the industrial end and the consumer end through technical means , Help industrial digital intellectualization . As digital coverage expands in the future , The popularity of Intelligent Technology , The explosive growth of innovative services , Based on this , Jingdong concluded that the digital society supply chain will be realized 5 individual Deep(5D) attribute :

  • Deep Tech( Depth technology )

  • Deep Connectivity( Deep link )

  • Deep Data( Depth data )

  • Deep Intelligence( Deep intelligence )

  • Deep Purposes( Far reaching purpose )

among , Deep technology through infrastructure 、 Sensing 、 signal communication 、 Calculation, etc , Keep the data valid 、 Fast 、 Complete acquisition, transmission and computation ; Deep links refer to all kinds of social software, hardware and facilities 、 Different links in the supply chain and the deep connection between different supply chains ; Deep data can abstract and describe the data of every link in the supply chain , Data modeling of complete supply chain ; Deep intelligence through the continuous evolution of algorithms , Realize intelligent mining of value by scene , From perceptual intelligence to cognitive intelligence ; All of these work together , In the end, the goal is far-reaching , Achieve customer satisfaction 、 partner 、 staff 、 The deep service of society .

5D Interlocking , Technology is the foundation , Data full link realizes data abstraction and modeling for all links of the supply chain , Finally, all things are connected , Deep data mining promotes deep intelligence , Finally achieve the goal of digital industry . this “5 individual DEEP”, It can be understood as the industry's standard of supply chain digital development and the direction of business implementation .


Second, look at the next ten years , Push 5D Five key technologies of attribute implementation

Jingdong believes that in the next ten years , Artificial intelligence 、 The Internet of things 、 Blockchain 、 Autonomous systems 、 The next generation of computing is driving 5D The key technology of attribute implementation . Whether it's for enterprises or developers , Understand the development of new technology and learn deeply , Then we can take a step ahead in the future homogenization competition .

For AI 、 The Internet of things 、 We are no stranger to blockchain , We have seen some achievements in the commercial landing , For example, artificial intelligence in industrial detection 、 Medical imaging 、 City Security 、 Intelligent customer service 、 Machine translation and other scenes are well known for landing ; The Internet of things technology has been used in consumer scenarios such as smart home for a long time , At present, the development momentum in the industry side is booming , For example, intelligent decision-making supporting the whole factory , And real time monitoring of product operation 、 Remote maintenance, etc ; Blockchain is the basic technology of trusted collaboration , It's about trust , It is widely used in the financial field .

So what are autonomous systems and next generation computing , What kind of opportunities are included here ?

Autonomous system is not a single door technology field , It refers to a control system with a certain degree of autonomy and autonomy , combination AI And Internet of things and other technologies , Realize the autonomy of the system through real-time control decision . Its significance lies in that it can replace or assist human beings to complete tasks in a specific environment , Improve the range of human perception , Expanding human capacity . at present , Autonomous systems are mainly used in smart cars 、 Mobile robots, etc . Covers edge intelligence 、 Independent collaboration 、 Self control 、 Autopilot 、 High precision maps, etc . Through independent system development , The future is in logistics distribution ( Intelligent distribution during the epidemic )、 Warehouse sorting (AGV Autonomous handling robot )、 Security inspection and other scenes will play a role .

In the supply chain of digital society , Autonomous systems play a very important role . In order to “ logistics ” In the business process represented by , Process the chain node , Simulation and prediction through autonomous system , Get the most time-saving solution of distribution route , With a final “ Machine drive ” Achieve the highest efficiency in all aspects of supply chain circulation .

And the next generation of computing is in big data 、 The exploration of new computing paradigm driven by deep learning algorithm , Including cloud side collaboration 、 Quantum computing 、 Computer hardware and software resources with efficient computing power are built in brain like computing technology , It's the foundation of the next generation of Computing . It's about hardware 、 Computing power presents a bigger challenge , It needs a computing hardware platform ( Especially computing chips ) Progress , It also needs the construction of computing system and the progress of management technology . In chip technology, the combination of reconfigurable computing and heterogeneous computing has become the trend of the new generation of processors ; In terms of computing system technology, it is necessary to complete computing tasks through intelligent scheduling and other methods . From today's industry focus on Quantum Computing , We also see the potential of next generation computing .

Five technologies will act on every link of the supply chain , Supporting social production 、 circulation 、 The digital intellectualization of service 、 Socialization and whole link development . Jingdong also has its own accumulation and precipitation in these five technological fields .

In the field of artificial intelligence , Jingdong relies on itself in retail 、 logistics 、 Finance 、 Scenarios and user advantages in the health and smart city industry , In human-computer interaction , We have built intelligent man-machine products “ Words ”, Provide intelligent customer service 、 Dialogue, shopping guide, etc , Help enterprises reduce the cost of customer service . Also launched “C2M Smart factory ” The consumer demand , It can be designed at the manufacturing end 、 Traceability 、 Quantifiable 、 Pricing elements of production , So as to link manufacturing R & D 、 management 、 production 、 Operation and maintenance 、 The whole process of service , For enterprises to achieve one-stop digital intelligence empowerment .

In the field of the Internet of things , Compared with other manufacturers , The advantage of self-supporting e-commerce attributes enables Jingdong to carry out cross brand research on smart home products 、 Integration across categories , Form a more mature digital and scene twin ability .2014 Since then , Jingdong has gradually opened its Internet of things technology to the outside world , Has formed, including smart home 、 Intelligent logistics 、 Smart finance 、 Intelligent medical treatment 、 Industrial IOT 、 Smart real estate 、 Industry solutions in the field of Intelligent Car Association, etc , We will promote the development of the real economy .

In the field of blockchain Technology , JD has its own blockchain architecture , Provide quality traceability application 、 Digital deposit application , Improve management efficiency , Reduce the cost of online information collection . It launched “ Zhizhen chain cloud signature ” E-contract platform realizes the whole process of evidence chain electronic identification of E-contract data , Let the contract signing of enterprises realize digitization .

In the field of autonomous system technology , There are many landing scenes in Jingdong , For example, the world's first intelligent distribution city is being built in Changshu, Jiangsu Province , By 2020 year 10 month , The first 30 More than one intelligent delivery vehicle has been put into use in Changshu City . More than 100 Jingdong sorting robots are deployed in logistics distribution 、 Intelligent distribution vehicle application during the epidemic period 、 Data center inspection robot, etc . And in next generation computing , Jingdong has “ Cloud edge end ” Interconnected computing systems , In the framework of the above computing system , Develop terminal customized hardware devices , Collect more extensive and comprehensive data , Build a very large database . Expand domain specific computing on the basis of big data , Provide users with targeted services in specific fields , Targeted services cover both emerging areas , It can also penetrate into traditional industries .

In these five technical fields , Through the white paper , We see Jingdong's accumulation in key technologies , And the prospect of new technology .


Third, look at the supply chain and new industrial ecology of Jingdong digital intelligence society

The white paper revolves around retail 、 logistics 、 Finance 、 health 、 The city's five major businesses discuss the supporting role of technology , One side , These five business scenarios are to realize the digital economy 、 The key to the intellectualization of industrial number is to realize , On the other hand , Jingdong is facing the industrial Internet , A lot of technology enabling has been done in these five business scenarios .

We are not unfamiliar with Jingdong's achievements in the retail and logistics industry , But Jingdong is also actively promoting industrial digitization in other fields . For example, in the field of intelligent health , last year 8 month , JD Health launched family doctor service products —“ Jingdong family doctor ”, In addition, it launched “ Jingdong Internet Hospital ” It is one of the first batch of platform type Internet hospitals to obtain Internet hospital license in China , By 2020 year 12 month 31 Japan , More than 11 Ten thousand doctors .

In the field of Intelligent Finance , Jingdong relies on the development ecological model of the whole group : Technology (Technology)+ industry (Industry)+ ecology (Ecosystem) Of “TIE Connection mode ”. Through and with AI、 Blockchain 、 Internet of things and 5G Technology convergence , Building digitalization as the connector between finance and real economy .

In the development of smart city , Jingdong carries out the layout of cloud infrastructure . Relying on long-term business practice and technology precipitation in Cloud Computing , Cloud computing services for cities include Iaas、PaaS、SaaS Full plank service , from IDC Full band service from service to integrated service , Provide a public cloud 、 Private cloud 、 A hybrid cloud 、 Cloudy, including proprietary clouds 、 Security 、 Reliable basic cloud services .

At the same time, Jingdong cooperates with the local government to build a cloud computing and big data base , Building urban digital infrastructure , Form multi-level city nodes , Through linkage with JD public cloud , Build an intelligent city trunk network covering the whole country . For example, xiong'an new block data platform construction 、 Help Suqian Municipal government build urban digital infrastructure platform , Build Suqian on the cloud ( JD cloud East China Data Center ) And the cloud industry ( Suqian e-commerce Industrial Park ).

For five business scenarios , Jingdong has predicted its future development and innovation mode . Jingdong thinks , In the future, smart retail will enable consumers to obtain customized services on the demand side , On the supply side, the retail industry will jointly promote the realization of unified data standardization and open data sharing , For the main supply chain upstream and downstream bring “ people - cargo - site ” All kinds of information .

In the smart health industry , Virtual private doctors 、 Intelligent medical imaging system 、3D The development of bioprinting technology will complete the construction of social medical and health supply chain in the form of digital intelligence . In the intelligent logistics industry , The digital twin can map the real logistics supply chain to the digital world , At the same time, the sustainable development of logistics must be concerned . In the smart finance industry , A global ecosystem of trust 、 Digital smart flexible service 、 Full chain deep intelligence will be the development trend . In the smart city industry , Digital intelligence of social supply chain 5D Attributes will be given to the government 、 Businesses and individuals generate great value , The infrastructure of the city 、 The industrial development economic data of the city , And the ecology of the city 、 The people's livelihood 、 Social needs will be deeply linked , Become the new competitive infrastructure of the future city .

In these five business scenarios , Through the white paper , We can see that JD is pragmatic in business landing and forward-looking in business wait-and-see .


At the end

In the process of industrial digital transformation , How can technology be better applied in industrial practice , The answer has been given . For the future development trend of new technology , Innovative business models , I believe you can also get some answers in the white paper .

Click on 「 Read the original 」, Download now 《 Technology restructures the social supply chain - White paper on future technology trends 》.

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